A new report has found that many medicinal plants can contain potentially dangerous levels of cancer-inducing compounds, according to a new study.
The report, published Thursday in the journal Nature, found that some medicinal plant extracts could be cancer-promoting, and that a number of medicinal plant species have been found to contain cancer compounds.
“There’s a lot of misinformation out there about medicinal plants and the cancer link, and I think the public needs to be aware of the risks of these plants,” said the study’s lead author, William R. Davenport, an environmental toxicologist and the director of the U.S. National Center for Toxicological Research.
“They may not be dangerous, but they could be deadly.”
The new research looked at medicinal plants grown in the U, U.K., and Brazil.
The researchers analyzed samples from the plants, along with some extracts from plants from other countries.
The study found that the plant extracts contained compounds known as glycosides and peptides, both of which are considered cancer-fighting compounds.
Glycosides are chemicals that are created during photosynthesis, which converts carbon dioxide into oxygen.
They can also help prevent damage to DNA and proteins.
In contrast, peptides are proteins that are made during cell division.
They are more likely to cause cancer when they are formed during carcinogenesis, or the process by which cells are transformed into new cells.
The most common form of glycoside is glycolipid-2-sulfate, which is a type of sulfate.
This type of glycolate is also found in many medicinal herbs and supplements, including some anti-inflammatory products.
Glycolipids are used to make vitamins and are commonly found in fruits, nuts, vegetables, and even seaweed.
Peptides are a different class of chemical that are formed when a cell’s proteins are broken down.
Pepticides are also known to be produced by certain plant-based medicines, but their exact role in cancer is not clear.
Pepsidase inhibitors are a class of drugs that inhibit the production of peptides.
In this case, the researchers found that glycolippidases were found in some plant extracts that were associated with higher levels of glycoprotein, a type that is responsible for cell death.
Glycoprotein is responsible the breakdown of the peptides and other chemicals that help cells form new ones.
“We found that there was a link between glycoproteins and glycosidases,” said Davenworth.
“These glycosids are important for the synthesis of glycyl-proline and glycyl glycosyl-prolinyl-glycine, two key components of cell walls.
They’re also responsible for the breakdown and release of a number cancer-suppressing proteins, including the one in cell walls, called NF-κB, which plays a role in regulating the progression of cancer.”
Glycoside-containing plant extracts also were associated to higher levels in some other substances, including glycopyranosides, which are found in certain vegetables.
Glycohydrates, which occur naturally in plants, also may play a role.
These are the compounds found in seaweed and other seaweed supplements.
Glycan-rich seaweeds are an important source of these compounds.
The plant extracts were found to be associated with lower levels of hydrocolloids, which may be associated in part with the development of certain types of cancer.
“Hydrocolloid is a class-B cancer-regulating protein that is expressed in some tissues, including bone, skin, and brain,” said Ravi Kumar, a professor at New York University and a co-author of the study.
“In these plants, we found that they were more likely than other plants to show this type of association.
There is some evidence that these hydrocolls are cancer-related.”
The authors said that further research is needed to determine exactly what role hydrocoloids play in the formation of cancer cells, and what they mean for medicinal plants.
“For now, we need to find out what the evidence is for the presence of hydrolactones and their role in the production and degradation of these hydrolases,” Davenaway said.
“I would love to see more research that looks at the hydrolase activity of plants and how they interact with other compounds, to see if they can explain the link between cancer and hydroloxidation.”
The researchers did not find any association between the presence or amount of cancer genes and the amount of hydroxylated glycine, a form of glycine found in plants.
Hydroxylation is a process that can lead to the formation and destruction of DNA and other biological material.
The findings also did not reveal whether cancer cells were more sensitive to hydroxylethanolamine, another type of plant-derived hydroxide, a compound that has also been found in the extracts